Sotiriou V, Huang Y, Ahmed S, Isaksson H, Nowlan NC. Prenatal murine skeletogenesis partially recovers from absent skeletal muscle as development progresses. European Cells & Materials. 2022 Nov;44:115-132. DOI: 10.22203/ecm.v044a08. PMID: 36345651. Link: open access.

Godivier, J., Lawrence, E.A., Wang, M., Hammond, C.L. and Nowlan, N.C., 2022. Growth orientations, rather than heterogeneous growth rates, dominate jaw joint morphogenesis in the larval zebrafish. Journal of Anatomy, 241(2):358-371. Link: open access.

Levillain, A., Ahmed, S., Kaimaki, D., Schüler, S., Barros, S. Labonte, D., Nowlan, N.C., 2021. Prenatal muscle forces are necessary for vertebral segmentation and disc structure, but not for notochord involution in mice. European cells & materials, 41, pp. 558–575. Link: open access

Khatib N, Parisi C & Nowlan NC, 2021. Differential effect of frequency and duration of mechanical loading on fetal chick cartilage and bone development. European cells & materials, 41, pp. 531-545. Link: open access

Pierantoni, M., Le Cann, S., Sotiriou, V., Ahmed, S., Bodey, A.J., Jerjen, I., Nowlan, N.C., and Isaksson, H., 2021. Muscular loading affects the 3D structure of both the mineralized rudiment and growth plate at early stages of bone formation. Bone 145 p.115849. Link: open access

Lawrence, E.A., Aggleton, J.A., van Loon, J.J., Godivier, J., Harniman, R.L., Pei, J., Nowlan, N.C. and Hammond, C.L., 2021. Exposure to hypergravity during zebrafish development alters cartilage material properties and strain distribution. Journal of Bone and Joint Research 10(2), pp.137-148. Link: open access

Ghosh, A.K., Burniston, S.F., Krentzel, D., Roy, A., Sheikh, A.S., Siddiq, T., Trinh, P.M.P., Velazquez, M.M., Vielle, H.T., Nowlan, N.C. and Vaidyanathan, R., 2020. A Novel Fetal Movement Simulator for the Performance Evaluation of Vibration Sensors for Wearable Fetal Movement Monitors. Sensors, 20(21), p.6020. Link: open access

Bridglal, D., Boyle, C.J., Rolfe, R.A., Nowlan, N.C., 2021. Quantifying the tolerance of chick hip joint development to temporary paralysis and the potential for recovery. Developmental Dynamics 250 (3), pp. 450–464. Link: open access

Barreto, I.S., Le Cann, S., Ahmed, S., Sotiriou, V., Turunen, M.J., Johansson, U., Rodriguez Fernandez, A., Grünewald, T.A., Liebi, M., Nowlan, N.C., Hanna Isaksson, H., 2020. Multi-scale characterization of embryonic long bone mineralization in mice. Advanced Science, p.2002524. Link: open access

Ahmed, S., and Nowlan N.C., 2020. Initiation and emerging complexity of the collagen network during prenatal skeletal development. European Cells and Materials 39, pp. 136-155. (link- open access)

Sotiriou, V., Rolfe R.A., Murphy, P. and Nowlan, N.C., 2019. Effects of abnormal muscle forces on prenatal joint morphogenesis in mice. Journal of Orthopaedic Research 37 (11), pp. 2287-2296. (JOR link) (BioRxiv link to original submission)

Levillain A, Rolfe RA, Huang Y, Iatridis JC & Nowlan NC. “Short-term fetal immobility temporally and progressively affects chick spinal curvature and spinal anatomy, and rib development”. European Cells & Materials 2019 Vol. 37 (pp 23-41) (link to pdf)

Lai, J., Nowlan, N.C., Vaidyanathan, R., Visser, G.H. and Lees, C.C., 2019. The use of actograph in the assessment of fetal well-being. The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, pp.1-6. (link to pdf)

Giorgi, M., Sotiriou, V., Conigliaro, S., Bignardi, C., Nowlan, N.C. and Dall’Ara, E., 2019. Prenatal growth map of the mouse knee joint by means of deformable registration technique. PloS one, 14(1), p.e0197947. (link to pdf)

Verbruggen SW, Kainz B, Shelmerdine SC, Arthurs OJ, Hajnal JV, Rutherford MA, Phillips AT, Nowlan NC. “Altered biomechanical stimulation of the developing hip joint in presence of hip dysplasia risk factors”. Journal of Biomechanics, in press. Winner of European Society of Biomechanics Perren Award for best scientific paper. (link) (pdf)

Lai J, Woodward R, Alexandrov Y, ain Munnee Q, Lees CC, Vaidyanathan R, Nowlan NC. Performance of a wearable acoustic system for fetal movement discrimination. PloS one. 2018 May 7;13(5):e0195728. (link) (pdf)

Verbruggen SW, Kainz B, Shelmerdine SC, Hajnal JV, Rutherford MA, Arthurs OJ, Phillips AT, Nowlan NC. “Stresses and strains on the human fetal skeleton during development”. Journal of The Royal Society Interface. 2018 Jan 1;15(138):20170593 (link) (pdf).

Verbruggen SW and Nowlan NC. “Ontogeny of the human pelvis.” The Anatomical Record 300.4 (2017): 643-652. (link)

Rolfe RA, Bezer JH, Kim T, Zaidon AZ, Oyen ML, Iatridis JC, Nowlan NC, “Abnormal fetal muscle forces result in defects in spinal curvature and alterations in vertebral segmentation and shape”, 2017. Journal of Orthopaedic Research 35 (10), pp. 2135–2144. (link)

Ford CA, Nowlan NC, Thomopoulos S, Killian M. “Impaired muscular loading during post-natal growth leads to altered structure of the developing murine hip”, in press (Early View). Journal of Orthopaedic Research (link)

Chandaria VV, McGinty J, Nowlan NC, “Characterising the Effects of in Vitro Mechanical Stimulation on Morphogenesis of Developing Limb Explants”, 2016. Journal of Biomechanics 49 (15), pp. 3635–3642. (link) (pdf)

Lai J, Nowlan NC, Vaidyanathan R, Shaw CJ, Lees C, “Fetal movements as a predictor of health”, 2016. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica 95 (9) pp. 968–975. (link) (pdf)

Verbruggen SW, Loo JHW, Hayat TTA, Hajnal JV, Rutherford MA, Phillips ATM, Nowlan NC, “Modelling the biomechanics of fetal movements”, 2016. Biomechanics and Modelling in Mechanobiology: 15(4), pp. 995-1004. (link) (pdf)

Nowlan NC, “Biomechanics of foetal movement”, 2015. European cells & materials 29: 1. (link) (pdf)

Bowles C, Nowlan NC, Hayat TTA, Malamateniou C, Rutherford MA, Hajnal JV, Rueckert D, Kainz B, “Machine learning for the automatic localisation of foetal body parts in cine-MRI scans.” In: SPIE Medical Imaging, pp. 94130N-94130N. International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2015. (link) (pdf)

Giorgi M, Carriero A, Shefelbine SJ, Nowlan NC, “Effects of normal and abnormal loading conditions on morphogenesis of the prenatal hip joint: application to hip dysplasia”, 2015. Journal of Biomechanics 48 (12), pp. 3390–3397(link) (pdf)

Nowlan NC, Chandaria V, Sharpe J, “Immobilized chicks as a model system for early-onset developmental dysplasia of the hip”, 2014. Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 32 (6), pp. 777–785. (link) (pdf)

Giorgi M, Carriero A, Shefelbine SJ, Nowlan NC, “Mechanobiological simulations of prenatal joint morphogenesis”, 2014. Journal of Biomechanics. 47 (5), pp. 989–995. (link) (pdf)

Nowlan NC, Sharpe J, “Joint Shape Morphogenesis Precedes Cavitation of the Developing Hip Joint”, 2014. Journal of Anatomy 224 (4), pp. 482–489(link) (pdf)

Rolfe RA, Nowlan NC, Kenny EM, Cormican P, Morris DW, Prendergast PJ, Kelly D, Murphy P, “Identification of Mechanosensitive Genes during Skeletal Development: Alteration of genes associated with Cytoskeletal Rearrangement and Cell Signalling Pathways”, 2014. BMC Genomics 15: 48. (link) (pdf)

Nowlan NC, Dumas G, Tajbakhsh S, Prendergast PJ, Murphy P, “Biophysical stimuli generated by passive movements contribute to the mechanoregulation of skeletogenesis”, 2012. Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology 11(1-2), pp. 207-219. (link) (pdf)

Nowlan NC, Jepsen KJ, Morgan EF, “Smaller, Weaker and Less Stiff Bones Evolve from Changes in Lifestyle”, 2011, Osteoporosis International. 22(6), pp. 1967-1980. (link) (pdf)

Nowlan NC, Sharpe J, Roddy KA, Prendergast PJ, Murphy P, “Mechanobiology of Embryonic Skeletal Development: Insights from Animal Models”, 2010, Birth Defects Research Part C: Embryo Today 90(3), pp. 203-13. (link) (pdf)

Nowlan NC, Bourdon C, Dumas G, Tajbakhsh S, Prendergast PJ, Murphy P, “Developing Bones are Differentially Affected by Compromised Skeletal Muscle Formation”, 2010, Bone, 46, pp. 1275-1285. (link) (pdf)

Nowlan NC, Prendergast PJ, Murphy P, “Identification of Mechanoregulatory Genes in vivo during Embryonic Bone Formation”, 2008. PLoS Computational Biology 4(12). (link) (pdf)

Nowlan NC, Murphy P and Prendergast PJ, “A Dynamic Pattern of Mechanical Stimulation Promotes Ossification in Avian Embryonic Long Bones”, 2008, Journal of Biomechanics, 41 (2), pp. 249–258. (link) (pdf)

Roddy KA, Nowlan NC, Prendergast PJ, Murphy P, “3D representation of the developing chick knee joint: a novel approach relating multiple components”, 2009. Journal of Anatomy 214, pp. 374–387. (link) (pdf)

Foolen J, van Donkelaar CC, Murphy P, Nowlan NC, Huiskes R, Ito K, 2008. “Collagen orientation in periosteum and perichondrium is aligned with preferential directions of tissue growth”, 2008. J. Orthopaedic Research 26 (9), pp. 1263–1268. (link) (pdf)

Nowlan NC, Murphy P & Prendergast PJ, “Mechanobiology of Embryonic Limb Development”, 2007. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, 1101, pp. 389–411. (link) (pdf)

Nowlan NC & Prendergast PJ. “Evolution of Mechanoregulation of Bone Growth Will Lead to Non-optimal Bone Phenotypes”, 2005. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 235 (3) pp. 408–418. (link) (pdf)